Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS
Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS

II. Preflight Procedures

Task

A. Preflight Assessment

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

FAA-H-8083-23

POH/AFM (specific to the training aircraft)

AC 00-6

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with preparing for safe flight.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.II.A.K1

Pilot self-assessment.

PA.II.A.K2

Determining that the aircraft to be used is appropriate and airworthy.

PA.II.A.K3

Aircraft preflight inspection including:

PA.II.A.K3a

a. Which items must be inspected

PA.II.A.K3b

b. The reasons for checking each item

PA.II.A.K3c

c. How to detect possible defects

PA.II.A.K3d

d. The associated regulations

PA.II.A.K4

Environmental factors including weather, terrain, route selection, and obstructions.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.II.A.R1

Pilot.

PA.II.A.R2

Aircraft.

PA.II.A.R3

Environment (e.g., weather, airports, airspace, terrain, obstacles).

PA.II.A.R4

External pressures.

PA.II.A.R5

Aviation security concerns.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.II.A.S1

Inspect the airplane with reference to an appropriate checklist.

PA.II.A.S2

Verify the airplane is in condition for safe flight and conforms to its type design.

Task

B. Flight Deck Management

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

AC 120-71

POH/AFM (specific to the training aircraft)

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with safe flight deck management practices.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.II.B.K1

Passenger briefing requirements, to include operation and required use of safety restraint systems.

PA.II.B.K2

Use of appropriate checklists.

PA.II.B.K3

Requirements for current and appropriate navigation data.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.II.B.R1

Improper use of systems or equipment, to include automation and portable electronic devices.

PA.II.B.R2

Flying with unresolved discrepancies.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.II.B.S1

Secure all items in the flight deck and cabin.

PA.II.B.S2

Conduct an appropriate pre-takeoff briefing, to include identifying the PIC, use of safety belts, shoulder harnesses, doors, sterile flight deck, and emergency procedures.

PA.II.B.S3

Properly program and manage the airplane's automation.

Task

C. Engine Starting

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

FAA-H-8083-25

POH/AFM (specific to the training aircraft)

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with recommended engine starting procedures.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.II.C.K1

Starting under various conditions.

PA.II.C.K2

Starting the engine(s) by use of external power.

PA.II.C.K3

Engine limitations as they relate to starting.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.II.C.R1

Propeller safety.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.II.C.S1

Position the airplane properly considering structures, other aircraft, wind, and the safety of nearby persons and property.

PA.II.C.S2

Complete the appropriate checklist.

Task

D. Taxiing (ASEL, AMEL)

References

 

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

FAA-H-8083-25

POH/AFM (specific to the training aircraft)

AC 91-73

Chart Supplements

AIM

Objective

 

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with safe taxi operations, including runway incursion avoidance.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.II.D.K1

 

Current airport aeronautical references and information resources including chart supplements, airport diagram, and appropriate references.

PA.II.D.K2

Taxi instructions/clearances.

PA.II.D.K3

Airport markings, signs, and lights.

PA.II.D.K4

Visual indicators for wind.

PA.II.D.K5

Aircraft lighting.

PA.II.D.K6

Procedures for:

PA.II.D.K6a

 

a. Appropriate flight deck activities prior to taxi, including route planning and identifying the location of Hot Spots

PA.II.D.K6b

b. Radio communications at towered and non-towered airports

PA.II.D.K6c

c. Entering or crossing runways

PA.II.D.K6d

d. Night taxi operations

PA.II.D.K6e

e. Low visibility taxi operations

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.II.D.R1

Inappropriate activities and distractions.

PA.II.D.R2

Confirmation or expectation bias as related to taxi instructions.

PA.II.D.R3 A taxi route or departure runway change.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.II.D.S1

Receive and correctly read back clearances/instructions, if applicable.

PA.II.D.S2

Use an airport diagram or taxi chart during taxi, if published, and maintain situational awareness.

PA.II.D.S3

Position the flight controls for the existing wind conditions.

PA.II.D.S4

Complete the appropriate checklist.

PA.II.D.S5

Perform a brake check immediately after the airplane begins moving.

PA.II.D.S6

Maintain positive control of the airplane during ground operations by controlling direction and speed without excessive use of brakes.

PA.II.D.S7

Comply with airport/taxiway markings, signals, and ATC clearances and instructions.

PA.II.D.S8

Position the airplane properly relative to hold lines.

 

Task

E. Taxiing and Sailing (ASES, AMES)

References

FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-23, FAA-H-8083-25; POH/AFM; AC 91-73; Chart Supplements; AIM

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with safe taxiing and sailing operations, including runway incursion avoidance.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.II.E.K1

Airport information resources including chart supplements, airport diagram, and appropriate references.

PA.II.E.K2

Taxi instructions/clearances, if applicable.

PA.II.E.K3

Airport markings, signs, and lights, if applicable.

PA.II.E.K4

Visual indicators for wind.

PA.II.E.K5

Aircraft lighting.

PA.II.E.K6

Procedures for:

PA.II.E.K6a

a. Appropriate flight deck activities during taxiing

PA.II.E.K6b

b. Safe taxi at towered and non-towered airports (land operation)

PA.II.E.K6c

c. Enteringcrossingrunways(landoperation)

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.II.E.R1

Inappropriate activities and distractions.

PA.II.E.R2

Porpoising and skipping.

PA.II.E.R3

Low visibility taxi and sailing operations.

PA.II.E.R4

Other aircraft, vessels, and hazards.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.II.E.S1

Complete the appropriate checklist.

PA.II.E.S2

Perform a brake check when an amphibious plane begins to move on land.

PA.II.E.S3

Position the flight controls, flaps, doors, water rudder, and power correctly for the existing wind, water and sailing conditions and to prevent and correct for porpoising and skipping so as to follow the desired course while sailing.

PA.II.E.S4

Use the appropriate idle, plow, or step taxi technique.

PA.II.E.S5

Exhibit procedures for steering, maneuvering, maintaining proper position, and situational awareness.

PA.II.E.S6

Plan and follow the most favorable taxi or sailing course for current conditions.

PA.II.E.S7

Comply with seabase/airport/taxiway markings, signals, and signs.

Task

F. Before Takeoff Check

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

FAA-H-8083-23

POH/AFM (specific to the training aircraft)

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with the before takeoff check.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.II.F.K1

Purpose of pre-takeoff checklist items including:

PA.II.F.K1a

a. Reasons for checking each item

PA.II.F.K1b

b. Detecting malfunctions

PA.II.F.K1c

c. Ensuring the airplane is in safe operating condition as recommended by the manufacturer

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.II.F.R1

Division of attention while conducting pre-flight checks.

PA.II.F.R2

Unexpected runway changes by ATC.

PA.II.F.R3

Wake turbulence.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.II.F.S1

Review takeoff performance.

PA.II.F.S2

Complete the appropriate checklist.

PA.II.F.S3

Properly position the airplane considering other aircraft, vessels, and wind.

PA.II.F.S4

Divide attention inside and outside the flight deck.

PA.II.F.S5

Verify that engine parameters and airplane configuration are suitable.

Contact Me

Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS

 

602 561 8665

 

sarah@sarahnilsson.org

 

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Legal disclaimer 

The information on this website is for educational purposes only and DOES NOT constitute legal advice. While the author of this website is an attorney, she is not your attorney, nor are you her client, until you enter into a written agreement with Nilsson Law, PLLC to provide legal services.

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