Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS
Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS

V. Performance and Ground Reference Maneuvers

 

Task

A. Steep Turns

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

POH/AFM (specific to the training aircraft)

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with steep turns.

Note: See Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.V.A.K1

Purpose of steep turns.

PA.V.A.K2

Aerodynamics associated with steep turns, to include:

PA.V.A.K2a

a. Coordinated and uncoordinated flight

PA.V.A.K2b

b. Overbanking tendencies

PA.V.A.K2c

c. Maneuvering speed, including the impact of weight changes

PA.V.A.K2d

d. Load factor and accelerated stalls

PA.V.A.K2e

e. Rate and radius of turn

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.V.A.R1

Failure to divide attention between airplane control and orientation.

PA.V.A.R2

Collision hazards, to include aircraft, terrain, obstacles, and wires.

PA.V.A.R3

Low altitude maneuvering including stall, spin, or CFIT.

PA.V.A.R4

Distractions, loss of situational awareness, and/or improper task management.

PA.V.A.R5

Failure to maintain coordinated flight.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.V.A.S1

Clear the area.

PA.V.A.S2

Establish the manufacturer’s recommended airspeed; or if one is not available, a safe airspeed not to exceed VA.

PA.V.A.S3

Roll into a coordinated 360° steep turn with approximately a 45° bank.

PA.V.A.S4

Perform the Task in the opposite direction, as specified by evaluator.

PA.V.A.S5

Maintain the entry altitude ±100 feet, airspeed ±10 knots, bank ±5°, and roll out on the entry heading ±10°.

 

Task

B. Ground Reference Maneuvers

References

14 CFR part 61

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with ground reference maneuvering which may include a rectangular course, S- turns, and turns around a point.

Note: See Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.V.B.K1

Purpose of ground reference maneuvers.

PA.V.B.K2

Effects of wind on ground track and relation to a ground reference point.

PA.V.B.K3

Effects of bank angle and groundspeed on rate and radius of turn.

PA.V.B.K4

Relationship of rectangular course to airport traffic pattern.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.V.B.R1

Failure to divide attention between airplane control and orientation.

PA.V.B.R2

Collision hazards, to include aircraft, terrain, obstacles, and wires.

PA.V.B.R3

Low altitude maneuvering including stall, spin, or CFIT.

PA.V.B.R4

Distractions, loss of situational awareness, and/or improper task management.

PA.V.B.R5

Failure to maintain coordinated flight.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.V.B.S1

Clear the area.

PA.V.B.S2

Select a suitable ground reference area, line, or point as appropriate.

PA.V.B.S3

Plan the maneuver:

Note: The evaluator must select at least one maneuver for the applicant to demonstrate.

PA.V.B.S3a

a. Rectangular course: enter a left or right pattern, 600 to 1,000 feet above ground level (AGL) at an appropriate distance from the selected reference area, 45° to the downwind leg

PA.V.B.S3b

b. S-turns: enter perpendicular to the selected reference line, 600 to 1,000 feet AGL at an appropriate distance from the selected reference area

PA.V.B.S3c

c. Turnsaroundapoint:enteratanappropriatedistancefromthereferencepoint,600 to 1,000 feet AGL at an appropriate distance from the selected reference area

PA.V.B.S4

Apply adequate wind-drift correction during straight and turning flight to maintain a constant ground track around a rectangular reference area, or to maintain a constant radius turn on each side of a selected reference line or point.

PA.V.B.S5

If performing S-Turns, reverse the turn directly over the selected reference line; if performing turns around a point, complete turns in either direction, as specified by the evaluator.

PA.V.B.S6

Divide attention between airplane control, traffic avoidance and the ground track while maintaining coordinated flight.

PA.V.B.S7

Maintain altitude ±100 feet; maintain airspeed ±10 knots.

Contact Me

Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS

 

602 561 8665

 

sarah@sarahnilsson.org

 

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The information on this website is for educational purposes only and DOES NOT constitute legal advice. While the author of this website is an attorney, she is not your attorney, nor are you her client, until you enter into a written agreement with Nilsson Law, PLLC to provide legal services.

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