Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS
Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS

VII. Slow Flight and Stalls

 

Task

A. Maneuvering During Slow Flight

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

POH/AFM (specific to the training aircraft)

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with maneuvering during slow flight.

Note: See Appendix 6: Safety of Flight and Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.VII.A.K1

Aerodynamics associated with slow flight in various airplane configurations, to include the relationship between angle of attack, airspeed, load factor, power setting, airplane weight and center of gravity, airplane attitude, and yaw effects.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.VII.A.R1

Inadvertent slow flight and flight with a stall warning, which could lead to loss of control.

PA.VII.A.R2

Range and limitations of stall warning indicators (e.g., airplane buffet, stall horn, etc.).

PA.VII.A.R3

Failure to maintain coordinated flight.

PA.VII.A.R4

Effect of environmental elements on airplane performance (e.g., turbulence, microbursts, and high-density altitude).

PA.VII.A.R5

Collision hazards, to include aircraft, terrain, obstacles, and wires.

PA.VII.A.R6

Distractions, loss of situational awareness, and/or improper task management.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.VII.A.S1

Clear the area.

PA.VII.A.S2

Select an entry altitude that will allow the Task to be completed no lower than 1,500 feet AGL (ASEL, ASES) or 3,000 feet AGL (AMEL, AMES).

PA.VII.A.S3

Establish and maintain an airspeed at which any further increase in angle of attack, increase in load factor, or reduction in power, would result in a stall warning (e.g., airplane buffet, stall horn, etc.).

PA.VII.A.S4

Accomplish coordinated straight-and-level flight, turns, climbs, and descents with the airplane configured as specified by the evaluator without a stall warning (e.g., airplane buffet, stall horn, etc.).

PA.VII.A.S5

Maintain the specified altitude, ±100 feet; specified heading, ±10°; airspeed, +10/-0 knots; and specified angle of bank, ±10°.

 

Task

B. Power-Off Stalls

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

POH/AFM (specific to the training aircraft)

AC 61-67

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with power-off stalls.

Note: See Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.VII.B.K1

Aerodynamics associated with stalls in various airplane configurations, to include the relationship between angle of attack, airspeed, load factor, power setting, airplane weight and center of gravity, airplane attitude, and yaw effects.

PA.VII.B.K2

Stall characteristics (i.e., airplane design) and impending stall and full stall indications (i.e., how to recognize by sight, sound, or feel).

PA.VII.B.K3

Factors and situations that can lead to a power-off stall and actions that can be taken to prevent it.

PA.VII.B.K4

Fundamentals of stall recovery.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.VII.B.R1

Factors and situations that could lead to an inadvertent power-off stall, spin, and loss of control.

PA.VII.B.R2

Range and limitations of stall warning indicators (e.g., airplane buffet, stall horn, etc.).

PA.VII.B.R3

Failure to recognize and recover at the stall warning during normal operations.

PA.VII.B.R4

Improper stall recovery procedure.

PA.VII.B.R5

Secondary stalls, accelerated stalls, and cross-control stalls.

PA.VII.B.R6

Effect of environmental elements on airplane performance related to power-off stalls (e.g., turbulence, microbursts, and high-density altitude).

PA.VII.B.R7

Collision hazards, to include aircraft, terrain, obstacles, and wires.

PA.VII.B.R8

Distractions, loss of situational awareness, and/or improper task management.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.VII.B.S1

Clear the area.

PA.VII.B.S2

Select an entry altitude that will allow the Task to be completed no lower than 1,500 feet AGL (ASEL, ASES) or 3,000 feet AGL (AMEL, AMES).

PA.VII.B.S3

Configure the airplane in the approach or landing configuration, as specified by the evaluator, and maintain coordinated flight throughout the maneuver.

PA.VII.B.S4

Establish a stabilized descent.

PA.VII.B.S5

Transition smoothly from the approach or landing attitude to a pitch attitude that will induce a stall.

PA.VII.B.S6

Maintain a specified heading ±10° if in straight flight; maintain a specified angle of bank not to exceed 20°, ±10° if in turning flight, while inducing the stall.

PA.VII.B.S7

Acknowledge cues of the impending stall and then recover promptly after a full stall occurs.

PA.VII.B.S8

Execute a stall recovery in accordance with procedures set forth in the POH/AFM.

PA.VII.B.S9

Configure the airplane as recommended by the manufacturer, and accelerate to VX or VY.

PA.VII.B.S10

Return to the altitude, heading, and airspeed specified by the evaluator.

 

Task

C. Power-On Stalls

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

POH/AFM (specific to the training aircraft)

AC 61-67

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with power-on stalls.

Note: See Appendix 6: Safety of Flight and Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.VII.C.K1

Aerodynamics associated with stalls in various airplane configurations, to include the relationship between angle of attack, airspeed, load factor, power setting, airplane weight and center of gravity, airplane attitude, and yaw effects.

PA.VII.C.K2

Stall characteristics (i.e., airplane design) and impending stall and full stall indications (i.e., how to recognize by sight, sound, or feel).

PA.VII.C.K3

Factors and situations that can lead to a power-on stall and actions that can be taken to prevent it.

PA.VII.C.K4

Fundamentals of stall recovery.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.VII.C.R1

Factors and situations that could lead to an inadvertent power-on stall, spin, and loss of control.

PA.VII.C.R2

Range and limitations of stall warning indicators (e.g., airplane buffet, stall horn, etc.).

PA.VII.C.R3

Failure to recognize and recover at the stall warning during normal operations.

PA.VII.C.R4

Improper stall recovery procedure.

PA.VII.C.R5

Secondary stalls, accelerated stalls, elevator trim stalls, and cross-control stalls.

PA.VII.C.R6

Effect of environmental elements on airplane performance related to power-on stalls (e.g., turbulence, microbursts, and high-density altitude).

PA.VII.C.R7

Collision hazards, to include aircraft, terrain, obstacles, and wires.

PA.VII.C.R8

Distractions, loss of situational awareness, and/or improper task management.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.VII.C.S1

Clear the area.

PA.VII.C.S2

Select an entry altitude that will allow the Task to be completed no lower than 1,500 feet AGL (ASEL, ASES) or 3,000 feet AGL (AMEL, AMES).

PA.VII.C.S3

Establish the takeoff, departure, or cruise configuration, as specified by the evaluator, and maintain coordinated flight throughout the maneuver.

PA.VII.C.S4

Set power (as assigned by the evaluator) to no less than 65 percent available power.

PA.VII.C.S5

Transition smoothly from the takeoff or departure attitude to the pitch attitude that will induce a stall.

PA.VII.C.S6

Maintain a specified heading, ±10° if in straight flight; maintain a specified angle of bank not to exceed 20°, ±10° if in turning flight, while inducing the stall.

PA.VII.C.S7

Acknowledge cues of the impending stall and then recover promptly after a full stall occurs.

PA.VII.C.S8

Execute a stall recovery in accordance with procedures set forth in the POH/AFM.

PA.VII.C.S9

Configure the airplane as recommended by the manufacturer, and accelerate to VX or VY.

PA.VII.C.S10

Return to the altitude, heading, and airspeed specified by the evaluator.

 

Task

D. Spin Awareness

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

POH/AFM (specific to the training aircraft)

AC 61-67

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with spins, flight situations where unintentional spins may occur and procedures for recovery from unintentional spins.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.VII.D.K1

Aerodynamics associated with spins in various airplane configurations, to include the relationship between angle of attack, airspeed, load factor, power setting, airplane weight and center of gravity, airplane attitude, and yaw effects.

PA.VII.D.K2

What causes a spin and how to identify the entry, incipient, and developed phases of a spin.

PA.VII.D.K3

Spin recovery procedure.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.VII.D.R1

Factors and situations that could lead to inadvertent spin and loss of control.

PA.VII.D.R2

Range and limitations of stall warning indicators (e.g., airplane buffet, stall horn, etc.).

PA.VII.D.R3

Improper spin recovery procedure.

PA.VII.D.R4

Effect of environmental elements on airplane performance related to spins (e.g., turbulence, microbursts, and high-density altitude).

PA.VII.D.R5

Collision hazards, to include aircraft, terrain, obstacles, and wires.

PA.VII.D.R6

Distractions, loss of situational awareness, and/or improper task management.

Skills

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Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS

 

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sarah@sarahnilsson.org

 

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The information on this website is for educational purposes only and DOES NOT constitute legal advice. While the author of this website is an attorney, she is not your attorney, nor are you her client, until you enter into a written agreement with Nilsson Law, PLLC to provide legal services.

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