Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS
Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS

X. Multiengine Operations

 

 Task

A. Maneuvering with One Engine Inoperative (AMEL, AMES)

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

FAA-P-8740-66

POH/AFM

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with maneuvering with one engine inoperative.

Note: See Appendix 6: Safety of Flight and Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.X.A.K1

Factors affecting VMC.

PA.X.A.K2

VMC (red line) and VYSE (blue line).

PA.X.A.K3

How to identify, verify, feather, and secure an inoperative engine.

PA.X.A.K4

Importance of drag reduction, to include propeller feathering, gear and flap retraction, the manufacturer’s recommended flight control input and its relation to zero sideslip.

PA.X.A.K5

Feathering, securing, unfeathering, and restarting.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.X.A.R1

Failure to plan for engine failure during flight.

PA.X.A.R2

Collision hazards, to include aircraft, terrain, obstacles, and wires.

PA.X.A.R3

Improper airplane configuration.

PA.X.A.R4

Low altitude maneuvering including stall, spin, or CFIT.

PA.X.A.R5

Distractions, loss of situational awareness, and/or improper task management.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.X.A.S1

Recognize an engine failure, maintain control, use manufacturer’s memory item procedures, and utilize appropriate emergency procedures.

PA.X.A.S2

Set the engine controls, identify and verify the inoperative engine, and feather the appropriate propeller.

PA.X.A.S3

Use flight controls in the proper combination as recommended by the manufacturer, or as required to maintain best performance, and trim as required.

PA.X.A.S4

Attempt to determine and resolve the reason for the engine failure.

PA.X.A.S5

Secure the inoperative engine and monitor the operating engine and make necessary adjustments.

PA.X.A.S6

Restart the inoperative engine using manufacturer’s restart procedures.

PA.X.A.S7

Maintain altitude ±100 feet or a minimum sink rate if applicable, and headings ±10°.

PA.X.A.S8

Complete the appropriate checklist. 

 

Task

B. VMC Demonstration (AMEL, AMES)

References

FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3; FAA-P-8740-66; POH/AFM

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with a VMC demonstration.

Note: See Appendix 6: Safety of Flight and Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.X.B.K1

Factors affecting VMC and how VMC differs from stall speed (VS).

PA.X.B.K2

VMC (red line), VYSE (blue line), and VSSE (safe single-engine speed).

PA.X.B.K3

Cause of loss of directional control at airspeeds below VMC.

PA.X.B.K4

Proper procedures for maneuver entry and safe recovery.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.X.B.R1

Improper airplane configuration.

PA.X.B.R2

Maneuvering with one engine inoperative.

PA.X.B.R3

Distractions, loss of situational awareness, and/or improper task management.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.X.B.S1

Configure the airplane in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations, in the absence of the manufacturer’s recommendations, then at VSSE/VYSE, as appropriate, and:

PA.X.B.S1a

a. Landing gear retracted

PA.X.B.S1b

b. Flaps set for takeoff

PA.X.B.S1c

c. Cowl flaps set for takeoff

PA.X.B.S1d

d. Trim set for takeoff

PA.X.B.S1e

e. Propellers set for high RPM

PA.X.B.S1f

f. Power on critical engine reduced to idle and propeller wind milling

PA.X.B.S1g

g. Power on operating engine set to takeoff or maximum available power

PA.X.B.S2

 

Establish a single-engine climb attitude with the airspeed at approximately 10 knots above VSSE.

PA.X.B.S3

 

Establish a bank angle not to exceed 5° toward the operating engine, as required for best performance and controllability.

PA.X.B.S4

Increase the pitch attitude slowly to reduce the airspeed at approximately 1 knot per second while applying rudder pressure to maintain directional control until full rudder is

applied.

PA.X.B.S5

Recognize indications of loss of directional control, stall warning, or buffet.

PA.X.B.S6

 

Recover promptly by simultaneously reducing power sufficiently on the operating engine while decreasing the angle of attack as necessary to regain airspeed and directional control. Recovery should not be attempted by increasing the power on the simulated failed engine.

PA.X.B.S7

Recover within 20° of entry heading.

PA.X.B.S8

 

Advance power smoothly on the operating engine and accelerate to VSSE/VYSE, as appropriate, +10/-5 knots during recovery.

 

Task

C. One Engine Inoperative (Simulated) (solely by Reference to Instruments) During Straight-and-Level Flight and Turns (AMEL, AMES)

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

FAA-P-8740-66

POH/AFM

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with flight solely by reference to instruments with one engine inoperative.

Note: See Appendix 6: Safety of Flight and Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.X.C.K1

Procedures used if engine failure occurs during straight-and-level flight and turns while on instruments.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.X.C.R1

Failure to identify the inoperative engine.

PA.X.C.R2

Inability to climb or maintain altitude with an inoperative engine.

PA.X.C.R3

Low altitude maneuvering including stall, spin, or CFIT.

PA.X.C.R4

Distractions, loss of situational awareness, and/or improper task management.

PA.X.C.R5

Fuel management during single-engine operation.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.X.C.S1

Promptly recognize an engine failure and maintain positive airplane control.

PA.X.C.S2

Set the engine controls, reduce drag, identify and verify the inoperative engine, and simulate feathering of the propeller on the inoperative engine. (Evaluator should then establish zero thrust on the inoperative engine.)

PA.X.C.S3

Establish the best engine-inoperative airspeed and trim the airplane.

PA.X.C.S4

Use flight controls in the proper combination as recommended by the manufacturer, or as required to maintain best performance, and trim as required.

PA.X.C.S5

Verify the prescribed checklist procedures normally used for securing the inoperative engine.

PA.X.C.S6

Attempt to determine and resolve the reason for the engine failure.

PA.X.C.S7

Monitor engine functions and make necessary adjustments.

PA.X.C.S8

Maintain the specified altitude ±100 feet or minimum sink rate if applicable, airspeed ±10 knots, and the specified heading ±10°.

PA.X.C.S9

Assess the airplane’s performance capability and decide an appropriate action to ensure a safe landing.

PA.X.C.S10

Avoid loss of airplane control or attempted flight contrary to the engine-inoperative operating limitations of the airplane.

PA.X.C.S11

Demonstrate SRM.

 

Task

D. Instrument Approach and Landing with an Inoperative Engine (Simulated) (solely by Reference to Instruments) (AMEL, AMES)

References

FAA-H-8083-2

FAA-H-8083-3

FAA-P-8740-66

POH/AFM

Objective

To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with executing a published instrument approach solely by reference to instruments with one engine inoperative.

Note: See Appendix 6: Safety of Flight and Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations.

Knowledge

The applicant demonstrates understanding of:

PA.X.D.K1

Instrument approach procedures with one engine inoperative.

Risk Management

The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess, and mitigate risks, encompassing:

PA.X.D.R1

Failure to plan for engine failure during approach and landing.

PA.X.D.R2

Distractions, loss of situational awareness, and/or improper task management.

PA.X.D.R3

Single-engine performance.

Skills

The applicant demonstrates the ability to:

PA.X.D.S1

Promptly recognize engine failure and maintain positive airplane control. Set the engine controls, reduce drag, identify and verify the inoperative engine, and simulate feathering of the propeller on the inoperative engine. (Evaluator should then establish zero thrust on the inoperative engine).

PA.X.D.S2

Use flight controls in the proper combination as recommended by the manufacturer, or as required to maintain best performance, and trim as required.

PA.X.D.S3

Follow the manufacturer’s recommended emergency procedures.

PA.X.D.S4

Monitor the operating engine and make adjustments as necessary.

PA.X.D.S5

Request and follow an actual or a simulated ATC clearance for an instrument approach.

PA.X.D.S6

Maintain altitude ±100 feet or minimum sink rate if applicable, airspeed ±10 knots, and selected heading ±10°.

PA.X.D.S7

Establish a rate of descent that will ensure arrival at the MDA or DA/DH with the airplane in a position from which a descent to a landing on the intended runway can be made, either straight in or circling as appropriate.

PA.X.D.S8

On final approach segment, maintain vertical (as applicable) and lateral guidance within 3⁄4-scale deflection.

PA.X.D.S9

Avoid loss of airplane control, or attempted flight contrary to the operating limitations of the airplane.

PA.X.D.S10

Comply with the published criteria for the aircraft approach category if circling.

PA.X.D.S11

Execute a normal landing.

PA.X.D.S12

Complete the appropriate checklist.

Contact Me

Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS

 

602 561 8665

 

sarah@sarahnilsson.org

 

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Legal disclaimer 

The information on this website is for educational purposes only and DOES NOT constitute legal advice. While the author of this website is an attorney, she is not your attorney, nor are you her client, until you enter into a written agreement with Nilsson Law, PLLC to provide legal services.

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