MUSIS - Multinational Space Based Imaging System
SPOT - Satellite Pour l'Observation de la Terre
The Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) is an international forum of governmental bodies for the coordination of activities related to the issues of man-made and natural debris in space. The primary purpose of the IADC is to exchange information on space debris research activities between member space agencies, to facilitate opportunities for co-operation in space debris research, to review the progress of ongoing co-operative activities and to identify debris mitigation options.
Members of the IADC are the Italian Space Agency (ASI), British National Space Centre (BNSC), Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), China National Space Administration (CNSA), Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft-und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), European Space Agency (ESA), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Japan, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Space Agency of Ukraine (NSAU) and Russian Aviation and Space Agency (Rosaviakosmos).
One of its efforts is to recommend debris mitigation guidelines, with an emphasis on cost effectiveness, that can be considered during planning and design of spacecraft and launch vehicles in order to minimise or eliminate generation of debris during operations. This document provides guidelines for debris reduction, developed via consensus within the IADC.
The leading text on space law is "The Laws of Spaceflight" by Matthew Kleiman, Jenifer Lamie, and Maria-Vittoria "Giugi" Carminati. It is available from the ABA. Kleiman also teaches a class on space law at Boston University.
Noteworthy links while reading the book:
Red lines in outer space by Matthew Kleiman and Sonia McNeil
Space Policy - news, information, and analysis about civil, military, and commercial space programs
FAR 52.250-1 Indemnification under Public Law 85-804
Boyle v. United Technologies Corp - 487 U.S. 500 (1988)
2004 Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act (CSLA) - PUBLIC LAW 108–492
Licensed launch of spaceflight participants for revenue - 51 USC 50905
Paying claims exceeding liability insurance and financial responsibility requirements - 51 USC 50915
Liability insurance and financial responsibility requirements - 51 USC 50914
Chapter 513 - Space Resource Commercial Exploration and Utilization
SpaceX Falcon Heavy - as of today, September 4, 2014 - the world's most powerful rocket
1965: INTELSAT established the first commercial global satellite communications system.
2009: first major collision between an operational satellite and space debris - Iridium 33/ Cosmos 2251
Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS): satellite system used to pinpoint the geographic location of a user's receiver anywhere in the world
International Lawmaking Process
- Customary International Law
International Dispute Resolution
4 Methods for making International Agreements in the U.S.
2. Congressional Executive Agreements
3. Presidential Executive Agreements
4. Treaty-Authorized Executive Agreements
International Sources of Space Law
5 Major Outer Space Treaties
4 U.N. General Assembly Resolutions
4. U.N. Res. 51/122. Declaration on International Cooperation in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space for the Benefit and in the Interest of All States, Taking into Particular Account the Needs of Developing Countries
Types of Government Contracts
FAR 16.2 - Fixed-price contracts
FAR 16.3 - Cost-reimbursement contracts
FAR 16.4 - Incentive contracts
FAR 16.5 - Indefinite-delivery contracts
FAR 16.6 - Time-and-material contracts
CRADA - Cooperative Research and Development Agreement
SAA - Space Act Agreement
The Law Offices of Laura Montgomery publish Ground Based Space Matters.
Ground Based Space Matters is intended to highlight and explore space law and policy issues, and does not constitute or provide legal advice.
Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS
602 561 8665
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The information on this website is for educational purposes only and DOES NOT constitute legal advice. While the author of this website is an attorney, she is not your attorney, nor are you her client, until you enter into a written agreement with Nilsson Law, PLLC to provide legal services.