Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS
Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS

Space Law News

United Nations Conference on Disarmament - Geneva

 

MUSIS - Multinational Space Based Imaging System

 

SPOT - Satellite Pour l'Observation de la Terre 

 

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NESDIS)

 

Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs Office (CRSRAO)

 

Commercial Remote Sensing Compliance and Monitoring Program (CRSCMP)

 

National Space Policy of the US - 2010

National Space Policy of the US - 2006

 

National Security Space Strategy - 2011

 

Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines - 1993

The Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) is an international forum of governmental bodies for the coordination of activities related to the issues of man-made and natural debris in space. The primary purpose of the IADC is to exchange information on space debris research activities between member space agencies, to facilitate opportunities for co-operation in space debris research, to review the progress of ongoing co-operative activities and to identify debris mitigation options.

Members of the IADC are the Italian Space Agency (ASI), British National Space Centre (BNSC), Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), China National Space Administration (CNSA), Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft-und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), European Space Agency (ESA), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Japan, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Space Agency of Ukraine (NSAU) and Russian Aviation and Space Agency (Rosaviakosmos).

One of its efforts is to recommend debris mitigation guidelines, with an emphasis on cost effectiveness, that can be considered during planning and design of spacecraft and launch vehicles in order to minimise or eliminate generation of debris during operations. This document provides guidelines for debris reduction, developed via consensus within the IADC. 

The leading text on space law is "The Laws of Spaceflight" by Matthew Kleiman, Jenifer Lamie, and Maria-Vittoria "Giugi" Carminati. It is available from the ABA.  Kleiman also teaches a class on space law at Boston University.

 

Noteworthy links while reading the book:

 

Vienna Convention on Law of Treaties

 

Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS)

 

International Space Station

 

International Telecommunications Union

 

Red lines in outer space by Matthew Kleiman and Sonia McNeil

 

1920 League of Nations

 

1934 Communications Act

 

1945 United Nations Charter

 

1947 Armed Services Procurement Act

 

1949 Federal Property and Administrative Services Act

 

1949 Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls (CoCom)

 

1958 National Aeronautics and Space Act (Unamended)

 

1958 National Aeronautics and Space Act (Amended)

 

The Wiesner Report

 

1962 Communications Satellite Act (Comsat Act)

 

1962 Cuban Missile Crises

 

1963 Partial Test Ban Treaty

 

1967 Outer Space Treaty

The Outer Space Treaty turns 50. Can it survive a new space race?

 

1968 Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts, and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space

 

1970 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and updates

 

1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty

 

1972 Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects

 

1974 Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act

 

1975 Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space

 

1978 Contract Disputes Act

 

1979 Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies 

 

1980 Bayh-Dole Act

 

1981 Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space (PAROS) - and updates

 

1984 Commercial Space Launch Act

 

1984 Land Remote-Sensing Commercialization Act

 

1984 Competition in Contracting Act (CICA)

 

1986 Anti-Kickback Act

 

The Augustine Report

 

1992 Land Remote Sensing Policy Act

 

1993 Chemical Weapons Convention

 

1994 Presidential Decision Directive 23 by President Clinton

 

1996 Economic Espionage Act

 

1996 Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)

 

Uniform Trade Secrets Act

 

U.S. Freedom of Information Act

 

Kyl-Bingaman Amendment - Section 1064 of the Defense Authorization Act of 1997

 

1998 Intergovernmental Agreement on Space Station Cooperation

 

2000 Remote Sensing MOU

 

2000 Open-market Reorganization for the Betterment of International Telecommunications Act (ORBIT Act)

 

2004 Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act (CSLAA)

 

Virginia's Space Flight Liability and Immunity Act of 2007

 

2007 Global Exploration Strategy

 

2007 United Nations Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines

 

2008 Treaty on Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space and of the Threat or Use of Force against Outer Space Objects (PPWT)

 

2009 U.S.C. Title 51: National and Commercial Space Programs 

 

Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures in Outer Space

 

Space Policy - news, information, and analysis about civil, military, and commercial space programs

 

United Nations Treaties and Principles on Space Law

 

National Space Laws

 

US Space Legislation and Policies

 

International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)

 

Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC)

 

Orbital Debris Reference Documents

 

The Air and Space Lawyer Online

 

Journal of Space Law

 

International Institute of Space Law

 

National Center for Remote Sensing, Air, and Space Law

 

ABA SciTech Space Law Committee

 

ABA Forum on Air & Space Law

 

Space Politics

 

Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR)

 

General Services Administration (GSA)

 

Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS)

 

NASA FAR Supplement (NFS)

 

FAA Rules on Commercial Space Transportation

 

Office of Commercial Space Transportation

 

Efficient Use Policy and Open Skies Policy

 

Telecommunications CFRs - Title 47

 

Export Administration Regulations (EAR)

 

Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS)

 

Office for Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)

 

Section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA)

 

United States Munitions List

 

Electronic Export Information (EEI)

 

Automated Export System (AES)

 

National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (NISPOM)

 

Commerce Control List (CCL)

 

Export Control Classification Number (ECCN)

 

Commerce Country Chart

 

Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC)

 

Destination Control Statement (DCS)

 

Technology Control Plan (TCP)

 

Defence Security Service (DSS)

 

Office of Security Review

 

Manufacturing License Agreement (MLA)

 

Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)

 

Significant Military Equipment (SME)

 

Special Export Controls (SECs)

 

Federal Supply Schedule (FSS)

 

FAR 33 - procedures for protests

 

Allowable Cost and Payment Clause (FAR 52.166-7)

 

FAR 31

 

Cost Accounting Standards (CAS)

 

48 CFR part 9904 

 

FAR 52.250-1 Indemnification under Public Law 85-804

 

Boyle v. United Technologies Corp - 487 U.S. 500 (1988)

 

National Industrial Security Program (NISP)

 

False Claims Act

 

Truth in Negotiations Act

 

Procurement Integrity Act 

 

Plant Variety Protection Act

 

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

 

Interagency Nuclear Safety Review Panel (INSRP)

 

Space Surveillance Network

 

Center for Space Standards and Innovation (CSSI)

 

Satellite Orbital Conjunction Reports Assessing Threatening Encounters in Space (SOCRATES)

 

International Scientific Optical Network (ISON)

 

Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC)

 

Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) 

 

Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property

 

Berne Convention

 

The World Intellectual Property Organization Copyright Treaty (WCT)

 

Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)

International Council of Scientific Unions' Committee on Space Research (COSPAR)

 

2004 Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act (CSLA) - PUBLIC LAW 108–492

PL108-492.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [84.0 KB]

Licensed launch of spaceflight participants for revenue - 51 USC 50905

Paying claims exceeding liability insurance and financial responsibility requirements - 51 USC 50915

Liability insurance and financial responsibility requirements - 51 USC 50914

 

Chapter 513 - Space Resource Commercial Exploration and Utilization

SpaceX Falcon Heavy - as of today, September 4, 2014 - the world's most powerful rocket

SpaceX Dragon cargo vessel was captured by the International Space Station's robotic arm on May 25, 2012.

 

It was the first commercial spacecraft to dock with the station.

1965: INTELSAT established the first commercial global satellite communications system.

2009: first major collision between an operational satellite and space debris - Iridium 33/ Cosmos 2251 

GNSS.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [832.8 KB]

Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS): satellite system used to pinpoint the geographic location of a user's receiver anywhere in the world 

 

- US NAVSTAR Global Positioning System

- Russian GLONASS

- China Beidou

- European Union Galileo

Types of Government Contracts

FAR 16.2 - Fixed-price contracts

FAR 16.3 - Cost-reimbursement contracts

FAR 16.4 - Incentive contracts

FAR 16.5 - Indefinite-delivery contracts

FAR 16.6 - Time-and-material contracts

CRADA - Cooperative Research and Development Agreement

SAA - Space Act Agreement

FAA Intro to commercial space transporta[...]
Adobe Acrobat document [1.1 MB]
2006_CommonSecuritySpace_en.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [1.1 MB]
US Commercial Suborbital Industry.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [2.5 MB]

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Sarah Nilsson, JD, PhD, MAS

 

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sarah@sarahnilsson.org

 

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Legal disclaimer 

The information on this website is for educational purposes only and DOES NOT constitute legal advice. While the author of this website is an attorney, she is not your attorney, nor are you her client, until you enter into a written agreement with Nilsson Law, PLLC to provide legal services.

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