UAS Regulations translated by Jimenez-Oyarzun Guillermo
What is a drone?
What do we want to regulate?
General trades of the regulation
Other important aspects
Drones are planes or aerial systems without a pilot onboard.
We regulate aerial systems remotely controlled from up to 25kg (or 55lb), commercial use, particular use or state used.
We do not regulate aerial systems that weigh more than 25kg (or 55lb)
We do not regulate autonomus RPAS nor RPAS that weight more than 25kg (or 55lb)
We do not regulate military RPAS
We do not regulate high risk RPAS
Nowadays, the European regulation is not unified so we worked out a specific regulation
The starting point are nearby regulations and rules (French and Spanish), but following all new EASA recommendations
We establish operational rules and verification mechanisms which do not require new administration structures
The regulation is based on 3 fundamental pillars:
1.Flight Zones: We classify all national terrain according to flight necessities.
2.RPAS Categories: Classified according to weights so regulations can fit each characteristics.
3.Operational risk: We categorize all operations, increasing requirements according to operational risk.
3 types of flying zones are defined according to the operational risk
2.Limited flying area: Limited according to operational characteristics
3.Free flying zone
Initially, we differentiate among urban areas, extra urban areas and specific areas according to regulations
RPAS categories generate operational limitation according to sizes
We classify RPAS in 3 categories:
A0: Toys and mini-drones, weigh between 0 and 999g
A1: Really small RPAS, weigh between 1kg and 3.99kg
A2: RPAS small, weigh between 4kg and 25kg
Operational categories have modulate requisites according to operational risk.
Open: Contains all operations with low risk for 3rd person. It does not require administrative authorization.
Specific: Contains medium risk operations and all comercia operations. It requires evaluation and risk mitigation with obligatory formation. It always requires administrative authorization.
Certificate: Contains all operations that require any type of certification. High risk operations fall under this category. It always requires administrative authorization.
Open flights are limited to free and limited areas. Specific and certificate flights are allowed in all areas.
Drones for Good Article
Sarah Nilsson, J.D., Ph.D., MAS
602 561 8665
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